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Download Epub Format Á What We Knew: Terror, Mass Murder, And Everyday Life in Nazi Germany PDF by ↠´ Eric A. Johnson This book is a sturdy resource for those studying the way in which individuals and social groups deal with cognitive dissonance in cases of demicide and mass murder In historical studies of the Shoah, scholars have a hard time accounting for the lack of knowledge on the part of both Germans and Jews about the mass extermination of Jews under Hitler s regime For example, many of the German soldiers on the Eastern front who could not have avoided being involved in the implementation of the Final Solution still claim in interviews that they were not aware of the mass extermination of Jews as a specific goal of the Nazi leadership Many Germans watched Jews being carted away yet still refused to believe that their government could do something so horrible so they stuck to the labor camp explanations Or the Nazi government s claims that stories of Jewish mass killi I ve long been interested in the ways in which people interpret their societies, especially the lacunae, the things that to paraphrase Renan the nation chooses to forget How does this happen What sorts of things get forgotten Does everyone in a given society necessarily know of this What, in short, are the mechanics by which people imagine their societies past and present As if to satisfy this interest of mine, American Eric Johnson and German Karl Heinz Reuband authored the 2005 tome What We Knew Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany. The main thing that emerges from What We Know, with its interviews of German Jews and Christians alike, is that people operated highly selectively Individuals had their own individual experiences different relationships with others, different others to have relationships with, different l It s hard to review a book so tragic This is an oral history of Nazi Germany before and during World War II Interviews are sorted into chapters focusing on Jews who left Germany before or after Kristallnacht, Jews who went into hiding, people who knew little about the mass murder of the Jews, people who heard about it, and people who witnessed or participated in it What was interesting was reading about every day life from so many different perspectives The interviews are extensive Those interviewed are quizzed about their childhood, their involvement in political groups as teenagers, what their friends and family and neighbors were saying about the events of the day, what they heard, who they heard it from essentially how and what they knew What was diff This is a difficult book to read for obvious reasons I found out about this book after visiting the Gestapo Museum there really is such a place in Cologne, Germany It was the former Gestapo headquarters during the Nazi Era, and the exhibit there on life during Nazi Germany was fascinating So I wanted to learn The book is based on an academic teams research of Germans who were in their late teens, early 20 s during the Nazi period in Germany both Jews and non Jews It was a mix of both interviews and questionnaires to try to determine what exactly was common knowledge in Germany about the concentration camps, the mass extermination of Jews, and the repression that existed from both informal general anti Semitism and formal State Security and Police measures Many of the stories are heartbreaking, and reveal a lot of both human nature not wanting to believe Holy moly the text was small Which made it difficult to read While the material is interesting, a lot of the interviews didn t have a good flow to them and many of them were very clunky But the book is really well researched and does give a good view into what non Jewish people thought and knew.
Johnson sums up years of interviews and research in his attempt to determine exactly what ordinary German citizens knew about what was going on in the concentration camps during World War II The first two thirds of the book are transcribed interviews with individuals representative of all towns, classes, education backgrounds, and religions of mid 20th century Germany the first half of the interviews are with German Jewish survivors both concentration camp survivors as well as those who went into hiding or otherwise were able to escape and the second half are with non Jewish Germans All speak of everyday life in Hitler s Germany before and during the war, what they knew about the atrocities being committed, and how they found out The interviews are all interesting first hand accounts rather than a historian s retelling of events what s interest There are a few reasons why I continue to emotionally torture myself by reading books about the Holocaust The main reason is because the stories of the survivors showcase strength, compassion and courage in a time of darkness The other big reason is probably because it s still so hard to believe that the Holocaust was allowed to happen without someone stopping it sooner The question of how much the German people actually knew about the Holocaust has been debated pretty much since the end of WW II This book examines that question in depth This isn t a book in a traditional sense of the word It s a documented study and a collection of interviews That being said, you kind of have to keep the source material in mind as you read All interviews are based on what the person believes to be true, so you have to This book was okay I question the validity of some of the interviews because a LOT of the interviewees sounded the same Anyway, it does gives personal accounts of the different groups of people living under the Third Reich Some people say no one really knew that mass extermination was happening, then others say everyone knew about it Of course, one can t speak for everybody and say that because one just doesn t know When asked how they knew about Mass Murder in the east, they don t answer the question More than a couple people were asked how they knew and they do not give a satisfactory answer Only saying It was known or One just knew This leads to my questioning of the validity of what they are saying It can get boring at times though Another thing is when the book gave accounts from ordinary Germans Quite a few of them had communist s What We Knew by Eric Johnson and Karl Heinz RuebandThis fascinating non fiction work is a collection of testimonies from those involved in the Holocaust, including Jewish deportees, Concentration Camp survivors, ordinary German citizens as well as those in military service during that chilling time The book itself is an academic sociological account of individual experiences, the premise of which is to establish the extent of which the German population was aware, or otherwise, of the crimes against humanity committed in their names. Johnson and Reuband argue quite cogently that many assumptions about Nazi tyranny are plain wrong What is very quickly made clear is that for the overwhelming majority of non Jewish, apolitical Germans, life under Hitler was, from around 1933 to 1943, not particularly harsh or brutal, especially in compa The Horrors Of The Nazi Regime And The Holocaust Still Present Some Of The Most Disturbing Questions In Modern History Why Did Hitler S Party Appeal To Millions Of Germans, And How Entrenched Was Anti Semitism Among The Population How Could Anyone Claim, After The War, That The Genocide Of Europe S Jews Was A Secret Did Ordinary Non Jewish Germans Live In Fear Of The Nazi State In This Unprecedented Firsthand Analysis Of Daily Life As Experienced In The Third Reich, What We Knew Offers Answers To These Most Important Questions Combining The Expertise Of Eric A Johnson, An American Historian, And Karl Heinz Reuband, A German Sociologist, What We Knew Is The Most Startling Oral History Yet Of Everyday Life In TheThird Reich
Eric Johnson joined the CMU faculty in 1976 after studying at Brown and Stockholm Universities and receiving his Ph.D at the University of Pennsylvania Over the years he has taught a wide array of courses, primarily focused on modern Europe, Germany, the Holocaust, and social science methods and approaches to historical study He has held several visiting professorships of various lengths As pa